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Girls' rights are human rights: Positioning girls at the heart of the international agenda

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We, the Heads of State and Government of the Member States of the African Union;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

CONSCIOUS of the gravity of the situation of internally displaced persons as a source of continuing instability and tension for African states;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, a.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

ALSO CONSCIOUS of the suffering and specific vulnerability of internally displaced persons;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, b.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

REITERATING the inherent African custom and tradition of hospitality by local host communities for persons in distress and support for such communities;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, c.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

COMMITTED to sharing our common vision of providing durable solutions to situations of internally displaced persons by establishing an appropriate legal framework for their protection and assistance;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, d.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

DETERMINED to adopt measures aimed at preventing and putting an end to the phenomenon of internal displacement by eradicating the root causes, especially persistent and recurrent conflicts as well as addressing displacement caused by natural disasters, which have a devastating impact on human life, peace, stability, security, and development;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, e.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

CONSIDERING the 2000 Constitutive Act of the African Union and the 1945 Charter of the United Nations;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, f.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

REAFFIRMING the principle of the respect of the sovereign equality of States Parties, their territorial integrity and political independence as stipulated in the Constitutive Act of the African Union and the United Nations Charter;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, g.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

RECALLING the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, the 1949 Four Geneva Conventions and the 1977 Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions, the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, the 1969 OAU Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, the1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the 1981 African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the 2003 Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, the 1990 African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the 1994 Addis Ababa Document on Refugees and Forced Population Displacement in Africa, and other relevant United Nations and African Union human rights instruments, and relevant Security Council Resolutions;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, h.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

MINDFUL that Member States of the African Union have adopted democratic practices and adhere to the principles of non-discrimination, equality and equal protection of the law under the 1981 African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, as well as under other regional and international human rights law instruments;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, i.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

RECOGNISING the inherent rights of internally displaced persons as provided for and protected in international human rights and humanitarian law and as set out in the 1998 United Nations Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, which are recognized as an important international framework for the protection of internally displaced persons;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, j.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

AFFIRMING our primary responsibility and commitment to respect, protect and fulfill the rights to which internally displaced persons are entitled, without discrimination of any kind;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, k.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

NOTING the specific roles of international Organizations and agencies within the framework of the United Nations inter-agency collaborative approach to internally displaced persons, especially the protection expertise of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the invitation extended to it by the Executive Council of the African Union in Decision EX/CL.413 (XIII) of July 2008 at Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, to continue and reinforce its role in the protection of and assistance to internally displaced persons, within the United Nations coordination mechanism; and noting also the mandate of the International Committee of the Red Cross to protect and assist persons affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence, as well as the work of civil society organizations, in conformity with the laws of the country in which they exercise such roles and mandates;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, l.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

RECALLING the lack of a binding African and international legal and institutional framework specifically, for the prevention of internal displacement and the protection of and assistance to internally displaced persons;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, m.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009

REAFFIRMING the historical commitment of the AU Member States to the protection of and assistance to refugees and displaced persons and, in particular, the implementation of Executive Council Decisions EX.CL/Dec.129 (V) and EX.CL/127 (V) of July 2004 in Addis Ababa, to the effect that that the specific needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) such as protection and assistance should be addressed through a separate legal instrument, and to collaborate with relevant cooperating partners and other stakeholders to ensure that internally displaced persons are provided with an appropriate legal framework to ensure their adequate protection and assistance as well as with durable solutions, respectively;

Reference: African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention) (2009), Preamble, n.

Legal Status: Legally binding
Body: AU
Document Type: Regional treaty
Means of Adoption: N.A.
Year: 2009