Women human rights defenders and those working on women’s rights or gender issues 2011, para. 54
Family members of women defenders, along with female relatives and associates of male defenders, are also commonly targeted as a way of curtailing the activities of the defenders. In some circumstances, attacks against family members and children of women defenders are reflective of traditional gender stereotypes of women as mothers and caregivers. The mandate has on many occasions expressed concern regarding the physical and psychological integrity of family members of women defenders and female relatives and associates of male defenders. From 2004 to 2009, some 86 communications sent by the mandate dealt with violations against family members or associates of women defenders, or female family members and/or associates of male human rights defenders.
Non-negotiated soft law
Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders
Special Procedures' report
Means of adoption
SR Human Rights Defenders, Report to the HRC (2011), A/HRC/16/44, para. 54.