Women human rights defenders and those working on women’s rights or gender issues 2011, para. 56
Threats and death threats - which may be delivered in person, by telephone, in printed pamphlets or mock obituaries and electronically via text message or e-mail -- can be seen as representative of risks, but also as violations in themselves which may significantly harm the psychological integrity of the defender, as well as possibly predating an attack. These threats are directed not only at the defenders themselves but also their family members, as well as female family members of male human rights defenders.
Non-negotiated soft law
Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders
Special Procedures' report
Means of adoption
SR Human Rights Defenders, Report to the HRC (2011), A/HRC/16/44, para. 56.