CRC/C/GC/12 page 2 CONTENTS Paragraphs Page I. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................ 1-7 5 II. OBJECTIVES ....................................................................................... 8 6 III. THE RIGHT TO BE HEARD: A RIGHT OF THE INDIVIDUAL CHILD AND A RIGHT OF GROUPS OF CHILDREN ..................... A. 9 - 136 7 Legal analysis ............................................................................. 15 - 67 8 1. Literal analysis of article 12 .............................................. 19 - 39 8 (a) Paragraph 1 of article 12 ............................................ 19 - 31 8 (i) “Shall assure” ..................................................... 19 8 (ii) “Capable of forming his or her own views” ...... 20 - 21 9 (iii) “The right to express those views freely” .......... 22 - 25 10 (iv) “In all matters affecting the child” ..................... 26 - 27 10 “Being given due weight in accordance with the age and maturity of the child” ...................... 28 - 31 11 (b) Paragraph 2 of article 12 ............................................ 32 - 39 11 (i) “The right to be heard in any judicial and administrative proceedings affecting the child”............................................................. 32 - 34 11 (ii) “Either directly, or through a representative or an appropriate body” ..................................... 35 - 37 12 “In a manner consistent with the procedural rules of national law” ......................................... 38 - 39 12 Steps for the implementation of the child’s right to be heard .......................................................................... 40 - 47 12 (a) Preparation ................................................................. 41 13 (b) The hearing ................................................................ 42 - 43 13 (c) Assessment of the capacity of the child ..................... 44 13 (v) (iii) 2.

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