United Nations General Assembly A/RES/56/161 Distr.: General 20 February 2002 Fifty-sixth session Agenda item 119 (b) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly [on the report of the Third Committee (A/56/583/Add.2)] 56/161. Human rights in the administration of justice The General Assembly, Bearing in mind the principles embodied in articles 3, 5, 8, 9 and 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1 and the relevant provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Optional Protocols thereto, 2 in particular article 6 of the Covenant, which states, inter alia, that no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life and prohibits the imposition of the death penalty for crimes committed by persons below 18 years of age, and article 10, which provides that all persons deprived of their liberty shall be treated with humanity and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person, Bearing in mind also the relevant provisions of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 3 the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 4 in particular the right to equal treatment before the tribunals and all other organs administering justice, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, 5 in particular article 37, according to which every child deprived of liberty shall be treated in a manner which takes into account the needs of persons of his or her age, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 6 in particular the obligation to treat men and women equally in all stages of procedures in courts and tribunals, Calling attention to the numerous international standards in the field of the administration of justice, Emphasizing that the right to access to justice as contained in applicable international human rights instruments forms an important basis for strengthening the rule of law through the administration of justice, _______________ 1 Resolution 217 A (III). See resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex, and resolution 44/128, annex. 3 Resolution 39/46, annex. 4 Resolution 2106 A (XX), annex. 5 Resolution 44/25, annex. 6 Resolution 34/180, annex. 2 01 48780

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