Gender-related dimensions of refugee status, asylum, nationality and statelessness of women 2014, para. 51
The Convention is a significant tool in international efforts to prevent and reduce statelessness because it particularly affects women and girls with regard to nationality rights. The Convention requires full protection of women's equality in nationality matters. Nationality is the legal bond between a person and a State and is critical to ensuring full participation in society. Nationality is also essential to guaranteeing the exercise and enjoyment of other rights, including the right to enter and reside permanently in the territory of a State and to return to that State from abroad. Article 9 of the Convention is therefore essential to the enjoyment of the full range of human rights by women. While human rights are to be enjoyed by everyone, regardless of nationality status, in practice nationality is frequently a prerequisite for the enjoyment of basic human rights. Without nationality, girls and women are subject to compounded discrimination as women and as non-nationals or stateless persons.
Non-negotiated soft law
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
General Comment / Recommendation
Means of adoption
Equality & Inclusion
Governance & Rule of Law
Persons on the move
CEDAW General Recommendation No. 32, Gender-related dimensions of refugee status, asylum, nationality and statelessness of women (2014), para. 51.