A/HRC/RES/54/20 United Nations General Assembly Distr.: General 13 October 2023 Original: English Human Rights Council Fifty-fourth session 11 September–13 October 2023 Agenda item 4 Human rights situations that require the Council’s attention Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council on 12 October 2023 54/20. Situation of human rights in Burundi The Human Rights Council, Guided by the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and other relevant international human rights instruments, Recalling Human Rights Council resolutions 30/27 of 2 October 2015, S-24/1 of 17 December 2015, 33/24 of 30 September 2016, 36/2 of 28 September 2017, 36/19 of 29 September 2017, 39/14 of 28 September 2018, 42/26 of 27 September 2019, 45/19 of 6 October 2020, 48/16 of 8 October 2021 and 51/28 of 7 October 2022, as well as all relevant resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council, Recalling also the Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi, which is rooted in the principles of human rights and transitional justice and provides the foundation for lasting peace, justice, national reconciliation, security and stability in Burundi, Reaffirming full respect for the sovereignty, political independence, territorial integrity and national unity of Burundi, Reaffirming also that States have the obligation to respect, protect and fulfil all human rights and fundamental freedoms, Stressing the primary responsibility of the Government of Burundi for ensuring security in its territory and protecting its population in compliance with international human rights law and international humanitarian law, as applicable, Considering that the international community and the United Nations system, including the Human Rights Council and its mechanisms, can play a critical role in strengthening the protection of human rights, preventing human rights violations and abuses and mitigating the risks of escalation of conflicts and deterioration in humanitarian situations, Welcoming the report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Burundi submitted to the Human Rights Council at its present session,1 Noting with appreciation the progress made with regard to regional and international participation, the fight against trafficking in persons and the repatriation of Burundian 1 A/HRC/54/56. GE.23-19815(E)

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