A/HRC/RES/55/22 United Nations General Assembly Distr.: General 9 April 2024 Original: English Human Rights Council Fifty-fifth session 26 February–5 April 2024 Agenda item 4 Human rights situations that require the Council’s attention Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council on 4 April 2024 55/22. Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic The Human Rights Council, Guided by the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations, Reaffirming its previous resolutions on the Syrian Arab Republic, Reaffirming also its strong commitment to full respect for the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the Syrian Arab Republic, Condemning the grave situation of human rights across the Syrian Arab Republic, and demanding that the Syrian regime meet its responsibility to protect the Syrian population and to respect and protect the human rights of all persons within its jurisdiction, including persons in detention and their families, Welcoming the work of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic, established by the Human Rights Council in its resolution S-17/1 of 23 August 2011, and that of the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism to Assist in the Investigation and Prosecution of Persons Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes under International Law Committed in the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2011,1 noting with appreciation the work of the United Nations Headquarters Board of Inquiry, and recalling the statements made by the Secretary-General and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights that crimes against humanity and war crimes are likely to have been committed in the Syrian Arab Republic, Noting with grave concern the findings of the Commission of Inquiry, including its most recent report,2 in which it documented continued violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law, including attacks against civilians and civilian objects, arbitrary arrests, enforced disappearances and deaths in detention due to ill-treatment or lack of access to medical care and arbitrary arrests on return to the Syrian Arab Republic, Recalling, one year on, the earthquakes of February 2023, reiterating its deepest condolences for the 8.8 million people in the Syrian Arab Republic affected by them, and noting the continued deterioration of the humanitarian situation throughout 2023 affecting populations already in vulnerable situations, as well as populations at greater risk of human rights violations and abuses, in addition to the existing crisis, and how their suffering has 1 2 See A/76/690, A/77/751 and A/HRC/52/69. A/HRC/55/64. GE.24-06466 (E)

Select target paragraph3