A/HRC/RES/54/23 United Nations General Assembly Distr.: General 16 October 2023 Original: English Human Rights Council Fifty-fourth session 11 September–13 October 2023 Agenda item 4 Human rights situations that require the Council’s attention Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council on 12 October 2023 54/23. Situation of human rights in the Russian Federation The Human Rights Council, Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, the provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and relevant international human rights treaties, Reaffirming that it is the primary responsibility of each State to respect, protect and fulfil human rights in accordance with its obligations under international human rights law, Reaffirming also its strong commitment to the sovereignty and political independence of the Russian Federation within its internationally recognized borders, Recalling Human Rights Council resolution 51/25 of 7 October 2022 on the situation of human rights in the Russian Federation, Recalling also all relevant statements made by the Secretary-General, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the special procedures of the Human Rights Council and the treaty bodies concerning the situation of human rights in the Russian Federation, Recalling further the alarming findings of the report of the Moscow Mechanism of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe on the legal and administrative practices of the Russian Federation of 22 September 2022,1 as well as of its report of 4 May 2023,2 Gravely concerned at the continued significant deterioration of the situation of human rights in the Russian Federation, in particular with regard to reports of the extrajudicial killing of government critics and severe restrictions on the rights to freedoms of opinion and expression, peaceful assembly and association, both online and offline, to silence dissent, anti-war expression and other peaceful activities vital for the functioning of a democratic society, resulting in systematic crackdowns on civil society organizations and representatives, human rights defenders, particularly women human rights defenders, who face specific sexual and gender-based violence and threats, independent media outlets, journalists, media workers, Indigenous Peoples, persons in vulnerable situations, persons 1 2 www.osce.org/odihr/526720. www.osce.org/odihr/542751. GE.23-19826(E)

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