United Nations General Assembly A/RES/56/173 Distr.: General 27 February 2002 Fifty-sixth session Agenda item 119 (c) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly [on the report of the Third Committee (A/56/583/Add.3)] 56/173. Situation of human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The General Assembly, Reaffirming that all Member States are required to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms as stated in the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1 the International Covenants on Human Rights 2 and other applicable human rights instruments, Aware that the Democratic Republic of the Congo is a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,2 the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,2 the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 3 the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 4 the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 5 the Convention on the Rights of the Child, 6 the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 for the protection of victims of war 7 and the first Additional Protocol thereto, of 1977, 8 as well as the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 9 Recalling its previous resolutions on the subject, the most recent of which is resolution 55/117 of 4 December 2000, and those of the Commission on Human Rights, as well as Security Council resolutions 1304 (2000) of 16 June 2000, 1332 (2000) of 14 December 2000, 1341 (2001) of 22 February 2001, 1355 (2001) of 15 June 2001 and 1376 (2001) of 9 November 2001, Recalling also the Ceasefire Agreement signed at Lusaka, 10 as well as the Kampala disengagement plan 11 and the Harare sub-plans for disengagement and _______________ 1 Resolution 217 A (III). Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex. 3 Resolution 39/46, annex. 4 Resolution 34/180, annex. 5 Resolution 2106 A (XX), annex. 6 Resolution 44/25, annex. 7 United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, Nos. 970–973. 8 Ibid., vol. 1125, No. 17512. 9 Ibid., vol. 1520, No. 26363. 10 S/1999/815, annex. 11 See S/2000/330 and Corr.1, paras. 21–28. 2 01 49045

Select target paragraph3